Ramsbury Timeline

  • Iron age hill fort at Membury indicates a settlement nearby in the parish

  • Roman villas at Littlecote, Rudge and Crowood excavated in the 20th century provide evidence of settlement in the parish at this time

  • 500

    Seven Saxon settlements in existence

  • 700

    An iron foundry established in what is now High Street

  • 800

    A Saxon cathedral in existence by this time

  • 909

    Bishopric of Ramsbury created

  • Bishopric of Ramsbury united with that of Sherborne in Dorset

  • United see of Ramsbury and Sherborne transferred to Salisbury

  • Domesday Book records 10 corn mills, 90 hides of land (approx 11,000 acres), 54 plough teams and a population of between 680 and 740

  • Bishops of Salisbury occupy a park and a palace in Park Town by this time

  • King Henry III grants the Bishop of Salisbury the right to hold a weekly market, to be held every Tuesday

  • The present Church of the Holy Cross probably dates from this time; two annual 3-day fairs granted by King Henry III, held in May and September; the weekly market is prohibited because of its detrimental effect on the market at Marlborough

  • Documentary evidence of a chapel-of-ease at Axford

  • The present tower on Holy Cross Church built

  • King Edward I stays 3 days in Ramsbury

  • The weekly market is still being held despite being prohibited

  • The chantry of Wotton and York is licensed to celebrate divine service daily in Holy Cross church and to provide schooling in Latin grammar for poor boys

  • Manor of Ramsbury passes from the bishopric to Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford

  • Chantry dissolved

  • King Edward VI grants the manor of Ramsbury to William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke

  • The Pembroke Survey, detailing the 1st Earl of Pembroke's estates, including the manor of Ramsbury, compiled; Ramsbury Manor house built for the Earl of Pembroke replacing an earlier house; only 3 mills are now operating

  • Littlecote House rebuilt for William Darrell, incorporating the medieval chapel of an earlier manor house

  • John Popham inherits Littlecote Manor - the family are to own it for the next 340 years

  • Parliament Piece in Back Lane built

  • Queen Elizabeth I entertained at Littlecote House

  • First documented evidence of a tanning business in the village

  • Fire destroys the houses of 130 families

  • Oliver Cromwell stays at Ramsbury Manor

  • Elmdown Farm built

  • Henry Dent holds a school for the children of local Dissenters in his house

  • Documentary evidence of a school held in Holy Cross Church

  • Back Lane first so called

  • House of Henry Dent, a former curate at Holy Cross Church, licensed to hold Presbyterian meetings

  • Swan Inn (now Windsor House) in the Square in existence

  • Building of Ramsbury Manor begun for Sir William Jones on the site of the old manor house

  • Crowood House built in Crowood Lane

  • Bodorgan House, now Ramsbury Hill, built in Back Lane

  • Six new bells installed in Holy Cross Church replacing the existing 4 bells

  • Presbyterian chapel built in Oxford Street

  • Mill Lane first so called

  • The Bell Inn and Bleeding Horse Inn at the east and west junctions of High Street and Back Lane in existence

  • Documentary evidence of a wych elm tree growing in the Square

  • Presbyterian chapel in Oxford Street demolished by this time

  • Park and grounds at Ramsbury Manor improved, including the building of the artificial lake and demolition of Park Mill; John Wesley preaches at the workhouse and Ramsbury Park Farm

  • There are malthouses in High Street and Oxford Street at this time

  • Three or more tan yards are operating in the village

  • Fire destroys 40 houses, 5 barns, a tanhouse and 2 malthouses; Newtown is so named

  • Rev. Edward Meyrick moves his boarding school for middle class boys from Hungerford to his vicarage in Ramsbury, later moving it to Bodorgan House ( now Ramsbury Hill) and Parliament Piece

  • There is a successful brewing industry by this time selling beer to London

  • Many labourers from Ramsbury recruited to work for the Patagonian Sheep Farming Company Ltd founded in Patagonia by Walter Brind Waldron

  • Sir Francis Burdett inherits Ramsbury manor which remains in the family for 250 years

  • Wesleyan Methodist chapel built on the south side of High Street

  • William Cobbett writes of Ramsbury in his Rural Rides \" It is a large and apparently miserable village\"; Mary Hannetts house in Axford licensed for Methodist worship

  • Hilldrop House built

  • Sunday School begun at Ebenezer Chapel

  • First Primitive Methodist meeting held in the square; Home Missionary Society begun

  • By this time the 2 fairs are being held as a cattle fair on 14 May and a hiring fair on 11 October; 5 private day schools and 3 Sunday schools are in existence; farm labourers riot against the introduction of threshing machines by destroying machines and starting fires, resulting in 12 men being transported to Australia

  • Wesleyan Methodist chapel rebuilt and enlarged

  • Hungerford and Ramsbury Poor Law Union set up

  • Workhouse sold and used as a Sunday School; new workhouse built at Hungerford; blind house closed

  • Organ given to Holy Cross Church by Miss Read

  • The Old Vicarage built; Congregational (Ebenezer) chapel and adjoining manse and schoolroom built; full-scale brewery set up by Robert Vaisey Fosbury in the former Jenning's tanyard; 6 malthouses still in existence

  • Primitive Methodist chapel built in Chapel Lane

  • Provident Union Building and Investment Society established

  • The National School set up by the vicar, Rev. Hawkins, for both boys and girls; the Post Office is in the Square by this time

  • A brass iron foundry established by S.T. Osmond at Newtown to make agicultural implements

  • Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints active in the village with services held in a house licensed for worship

  • Population reaches a peak of 2,696; Meyrick's boarding school moves to Chiseldon

  • Congregational Chapel built at Axford

  • School for girls built in Back Lane by Miss Read of Crowood House

  • Miss Read's School and schoolhouse given to the parish and becomes the Church School for Girls under the management of the vicar and churchwardens

  • Church of St. Michael built as a chapel-of-ease at Axford and served from Ramsbury

  • Blind house demolished; Primitive Methodist Chapel built at Witcha Farm

  • There are 2 horse-drawn fire engines in the village by this time; watercress industry established in the parish

  • Fire raging for 2 days damages 25 cottages in Oxford Street, Blind Lane and Tankard Lane and destroys cottages in Crowood Lane

  • Angela Burdett-Coutts becomes the first woman to receive the freedom of the city of London for her philanthropy among the city's poor

  • Board School for both boys and girls and schoolhouse built at Axford

  • Board School for boys and infants opened replacing the National School - the girls from the National School are transferred to the Church School for Girls

  • New Primitive Methodist chapel built in Oxford Street

  • Mary Jane Lanfear bequeaths £600 to apprentice poor boys from Ramsbury and East Kennet

  • Miss Read bequeaths £3,000 for the maintenance of the Church School for Girls

  • There are 7 inns open in the village at this time

  • Salvation Army hall built in High Street

  • 71 wells and 39 pumps provide water to the villagers

  • Schoolroom built adjacent to the Primitive Methodist Chapel

  • Ramsbury Fire Brigade formed and a new fire engine purchased; Ramsbury Football Club founded

  • Methodist chapel built at Axford; responsibility for roads in the parish taken over by Ramsbury Rural District Council from 2 Way Wardens

  • Underground stove installed in Holy Cross Church to provide heating for the first time

  • Holy Cross Church extensively restored at a cost of £6,000 raised by local subsciption

  • Road bridge over the river Kennet at the Town Mill built by this time

  • First Ramsbury Parish Council elected and Ramsbury Rural District Council constituted; 19 oil lamps in Ramsbury and 4 in Axford attached to buildings to provide street lighting

  • Last remaining tannery in High Street closed; schoolroom adjoining the Ebenezer Chapel rebuilt; Ramsbury Horticultural Society founded

  • Congregational Chapel at Axford has closed and been demolished by this time

  • Methodist Silver Band (now Ramsbury Silver Band) founded

  • Wiltshire County Council take over management of the Church School for Girls and the Board school

  • Police station moved to Oxford Street

  • Justice Room in High Street burned down

  • Osmond's iron foundry in Newtown Road closed

  • First council houses in the village built in Whittonditch Road

  • A small manual telephone exchange for 40 subscribers installed in the Post Office

  • Church House converted into a library, reading room and a billiard room; epidemics of scarlet fever and diptheria in the village

  • Locally generated electricity, provided by the Ramsbury Electric Supply Company, used for street lighting; Provident Union Building and Investment Society is renamed Ramsbury Building Society

  • Church School for Girls closes and buildings sold and the girls transferred to the Board School; Memorial Hall and Cross built

  • Fire brigade disbanded

  • Wessex Company take over the provision of electricity

  • Responsibility for roads in the parish passes to Wiltshire County County; a voluntary scavenging scheme is set up to remove refuse

  • Board School at Axford closed and pupils transferred to the Board School in Ramsbury

  • Ramsbury Rural District Council replaced by Marlborough and Ramsbury Rural District Council

  • The water pump in the Square is in a dangerous condition and is removed

  • The telephone exchange is automated and moved to a new building in Love's Lane; the parish builds its own fire engine; auxiliary fire service established

  • Cattle fair held on 14 May has ceased by this time; last blacksmith in the village closed

  • Water supply scheme built for the village

  • Land between Elmdown Farm and Park Farm used as an RAF airfield during World War II

  • Board School becomes a County Primary School

  • A right to hold marriages in the Church of St. Michael at Axford granted

  • Wesleyan Methodist chapel in High Street closed and the congregation join the Primitive Methodists; Salvation Army no longer active in the village by this time

  • Sir Oswald Moseley living at Crowood House

  • Refuse collection taken over by Marlborough and Ramsbury Rural District Council

  • Local pottery industry in the village

  • Gas first supplied to the village; underground stove at Holy Cross Church replaced

  • Over 100 council houses built in the village; the 11 October fair which had changed to a pleasure fair after World War I ceases

  • Sewerage scheme installed; public convenience built

  • Old people's home built in High Street; services at the Ebenezer chapel cease and the congregation join with Marlborough under one minister, later to become Ramsbury United Reformed Church

  • New police house built in Oxford Street

  • RAF airfield returned to private use

  • Gas street lamps in Axford converted to electricity

  • Cobblestones on the pavements in High Street removed

  • The Old Vicarage sold and a modern vicarage built to the east of it

  • New doctors' surgery and dispensary built

  • 83 private houses built in the village

  • New fire station built in High Street

  • A new and larger telephone exchange built off Oxford Street

  • The population of the village has dropped to 1,390

  • Village converted to North Sea gas; beating of the bounds over 26 miles (43km) becomes an annual event from this time

  • Primitive Methodist chapel and schoolroom renovated

  • Ramsbury has its own bishop again after 900 years with the installation of the eleventh Bishop, the Rev. John Neale

  • The Ravensbury Players formed

  • Wych elm tree in the Square dies from Dutch Elm disease

  • Last services held at the United Reformed Church and chapel is sold; administrative headquarters of Ramsbury Building Society transferred to Marlborough High Street but official headquarters remain in Ramsbury

  • Watercress industry ceases

  • Following a referendum in the village the wych elm tree is removed and an oak tree planted in its place; the primary school is demolished and a new school. Ramsbury Primary School, built; Ramsbury win the Best Kept Large Village in Wiltshire award for the 5th time

  • New primary school built; Methodist Chapel refurbished

  • Community bus, the Ramsbury Flyer, inaugurated

  • Roxy cinema opened in Ramsbury Memorial Hall

  • Ramsbury and Axford Golf Society formed